En Español

The Colonial Era

Cuba's colonial period from the first encounters of the Spanish and Taíno cultures in the 15th century was a time for discovery and exploration. By the early 19th century, when Cuba and Puerto Rico were the only remaining colonies of the once rich Spanish empire, Cuba had developed a national identity and flourishing economy. Great thinkers, scientists, and philosophers of the time produced significant books and works of art illustrating the beauty of the island, the bounty of the country, and its strategic significance in the region.

The role of Spain in the governance of Cuba and the country's movement toward sovereignty and independence are among two of the most prevalent forces that shaped the history of Colonial Cuba. The Cuban Heritage Collection contains a sizeable number of books, periodicals, and archival materials that relate to the Colonial period.

Raza Negra: Negros de Guinea en Cuba = Black Race: Guinea Blacks in Cuba
José Martí and Delegates from the Cuban Revolutionary Party in front of the Vincente Martinez Ybor & Co. Cigar Factory, Tampa, Florida, 1893
Isabel Ramsden and Ada Cox de Fisher
Alameda de Paula

Young Cuban Girl Tobacco Worker
Cuban Courtship
View of a street with houses on either side and people standing or sitting

La Fuerza Fortress in Havana, Cuba
A street scene in Cuba
El Morro Castle from la Punta Castle across Havana Bay
Fuente de la India en el paseo de Isabel IIa.

Street view showing the Cathedral
Cuban girl
Mambises a la Carga, ca. 1895
Ingenio San José de la Angosta

Ingenio Intrépido. Propiedad del Sr. Coronel Dn. Miguel de Cárdenas y Chávez
Picturesque Cuba: a country villa